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This tie dye or tie dye batik often adorns various types of Indonesian batik. To get this motif, you need to fold, tie and dye it like the jumputan technique. More specifically, the cloth will be tied slightly with rubber or rope, then stripped and folded until it is watertight and then dyed with batik dye.
In Indonesia, this type of batik has different characteristics and techniques according to each region. For example in Java it is known as jumputan or tritik, in Palembang it is cinde and Pelangi, while in Banjarmasin it is known as sasarengan. This tie dye technique is usually combined with the batik technique to get a good tie dye batik in Java and Bali.
Tie Dye Batik Making Technique
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The use of fabrics from different fibers will give different tie dye batik results. To make it, it takes a thin cloth that can be tied into small knots to get a larger and denser motif. If you use a thicker cloth, the fewer ties will be made because it is difficult to tie tight and the knot is too large. Not only that, if you use a thicker cloth, the batik dye will be easier to get into the fabric and later it will even remove the motif you want to display. However, if you want to display a large pattern or certain pattern, then you can use this thicker fabric.
There are 2 types of fabrics that are often used in this tie dye technique, namely silk and cotton. Both of these fabrics have good absorption, making it easier for the binding process with rope or rubber and dyeing the batik.
Another fabric material used to make this tie dye batik is rayon or other synthetic fabrics. However, the process of dyeing and tying using this cloth is quite difficult because the fabric is too slippery, hard and lacks absorbency. So to get the desired motif and color, it depends on the length of each immersion and the amount of dyeing.
Awesome Gradation Colors
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After the soaking and dyeing is complete, the cloth will be hung for a while until the drops of batik dye run out. Then the existing bonds are opened and the fabric is stretched so that later you can see the motif formed from the bonds. For the color itself, a color gradient will appear that matches the seepage of the batik dye when dyeing.
The variety of ties and colors for this tie dye batik is growing and depends on the creativity of the craftsmen. To see the beauty of this tie-dyed batik is not seen from the number of ties that exist, but rather the combination of the types of motifs resulting from these ties which are mixed with dyes to produce perfect harmony in a piece of batik cloth.
The types of motifs that result from the folding and knot processes will vary. Generally, this tie-dye batik motif is divided into 5 types, namely jelujur, full decoration, wraps, jumps, and holes. Of the five motifs, the manufacturing process also uses different binding techniques.
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